Various factors might cause dark patches or hyperpigmentation. Sun spots or lentigines are dark spots caused by exposure to the sun. Melasma is a term for dark spots caused by oral contraceptives, hormonal imbalances, or pregnancy. According to medical and aesthetic dermatologist Dr. Poorva Shah, different forms of black spots would require various treatments. Thus, a precise diagnosis is absolutely necessary before attempting to erase away dark patches or hyperpigmentation.
Here are several things you can do to help lighten any post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or PIH, dark areas that pimples leave behind.
Depigmenting creams and serums: Creams and serums are two common forms of excellent depigmenting agents. These degrade the pigment and stop the production of new melanin. Pigmentation is reduced by substances including arbutin, kojic acid, licorice extract, and niacinamide in addition to their various additional unique activities.
Glutathione: When taken orally, this potent antioxidant can lessen the effects of free radicals on the skin, diminishing dark spots.
Wear sunscreen: Dark patches will get darker with even a little bit of everyday sun exposure.
Exfoliating elements: Exfoliation is a terrific approach to remove the top layer of dead skin cells to expose fresh, even skin beneath. But if you have pigmentation, avoid physical exfoliation. It can make the discoloration worse. On the other hand, chemical exfoliation will help to remove the dead skin cells as well as the melanin-heavy layer covering the pigmentation to expose a more even skin tone. Excellent chemical exfoliators include glycolic acid, azelaic acid, lactic acid, and retinol; they come in a variety of concentrations, mixtures, and formulations. If you want to discover which is best for your skin, talk to your dermatologist.
Vitamin C: Due to its primary role as an antioxidant, it aids in lowering excessive melanin formation by preventing free radical damage to the skin in real time. Long-term application of topical vitamin C can aid in the disappearance of black patches. Another method for whitening the skin and removing dark spots is vitamin C taken orally.
Professional treatments: Exceptionally Q switched professional therapies are the best, safest, and quickest method of lightening black spots is laser treatment. The most cutting-edge technology now in use for totally dissolving pigmentation without harming the surrounding or overlaying skin is laser. If carried out by a skilled dermatologist using a reputable US FDA-approved machine, it is likewise without any side effects. Its ability to remove blemishes swiftly and almost entirely without any downtime makes it a sophisticated and effective form of treatment. Dark spot reduction might also be aided by chemical peels. The ideal person to advise you on the medical procedure that would be most beneficial for you is your dermatologist.
It’s vital to remember that the skin might have one or more different forms of pigmentation present at the same time. Additionally, each or distinct types of pigmentation may require one or more treatments to go away. Therefore, it would be vital to see your dermatologist and go over the best individualised treatment strategy in order to identify and diagnose the precise type of pigmentation.