How to pass props to {this.props.children}

avatar
44    6 months ago

I'm trying to find the proper way to define some components which could be used in a generic way:

<Parent>
  <Child value="1">
  <Child value="2">
</Parent>

There is a logic going on for rendering between parent and children components of course, you can imagine <select> and <option> as an example of this logic.

This is a dummy implementation for the purpose of the question:

var Parent = React.createClass({
  doSomething: function(value) {
  },
  render: function() {
    return (<div>{this.props.children}</div>);
  }
});

var Child = React.createClass({
  onClick: function() {
    this.props.doSomething(this.props.value); // doSomething is undefined
  },
  render: function() {
    return (<div onClick={this.onClick}></div>);
  }
});

The question is whenever you use {this.props.children} to define a wrapper component, how do you pass down some property to all its children?

Answers { 2 }
avatar
6 months ago

You can use React.Children to iterate over the children, and then clone each element with new props (shallow merged) using React.cloneElement e.g:

const Child = ({ doSomething, value }) => (
  <div onClick={() => doSomething(value)}>Click Me</div>
);

class Parent extends React.PureComponent {
  doSomething = (value) => {
    console.log('doSomething called by child with value:', value);
  }

  render() {
    const { children } = this.props;

    const childrenWithProps = React.Children.map(children, child =>
      React.cloneElement(child, { doSomething: this.doSomething })
    );

    return <div>{childrenWithProps}</div>
  }
};

ReactDOM.render(
  <Parent>
    <Child value="1" />
    <Child value="2" />
  </Parent>,
  document.getElementById('container')
);

Fiddle: https://jsfiddle.net/2q294y43/2/

avatar
6 months ago

For a slightly cleaner way to do it, try:

<div>
    {React.cloneElement(this.props.children, { loggedIn: this.state.loggedIn })}
</div>

Note: this will only work if there is a single child, and it is a valid React element.